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Understanding Epididymectomy

Outline of male abdomen showing kidneys and urogenital anatomy inside.

An epididymectomy is a surgery to remove the epididymis. An epididymis is a tube that holds sperm. You have two of these tubes, one in the back of each testicle.


Why epididymectomy is done

You may need this procedure for a number of reasons. These include:

  • An injury to the groin area

  • An infection or pus-filled lump (abscess) in the epididymis that is hard to treat

  • A tumor or large fluid-filled sac (cyst) in the epididymis

  • Long-term (chronic) pain, such as after a vasectomy

How epididymectomy is done

This procedure is often done on an outpatient basis. That means you can go home afterward. During the procedure:

  • You are given medicine to make you drowsy or fall asleep. You won’t feel pain.

  • The surgeon makes a cut into your scrotum. He or she finds the epididymis.

  • The surgeon removes part or all of the epididymis.

  • The surgeon closes up the wound with stitches (sutures).

Risks of epididymectomy

  • Bleeding

  • Infection

  • Pain

  • Being unable to have children (infertility)

  • Damage to a testicle or blood supply to the testicle

© 2000-2020 The StayWell Company, LLC. 800 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.